Heat pumps pull heat from inside the home and release it outside during the hot summer days. On the other hand, they also pull heat from outside and pull it inside the home during winter days. Several variations of the heat pump exist including air-source heat pumps, split-ductless heat pumps, & geothermal heat pumps. Moreover, below is a breakdown of the features and highlights of each unit.
Air-Source Heat Pumps
These units are the most common, they’re composed of an air handler & a heat source. New air-source units can reduce heating costs by about 50 percent compared to electric furnaces. They are also capable of dehumidifying better than standard central air conditioners. In the past, these units were only appropriate for warmer climates but with new technology they can now sustain colder climates too.
Split-Ductless Heat Pumps
The split-ductless units have two main parts as well including an outdoor compressor & one to four indoor air handlers. Typically these units are installed high on a wall & are also more popularly referred to as mini-splits. Mini-split systems are great for home without duct-work or single room additions. Energy efficiency is a huge advantage with these units. Also, they give you greater control over cooling in your home.
Geothermal Heat Pumps
Ground & water source pumps move heat underground through a network of pipes. Although these units can reduce energy expenditure in your home by 30-50% in comparison to other units, they have a higher price point. Geothermal pumps are also great at humidity control.
Getting the Most out of Your Heat Pump
Customers should consider inspecting their homes before getting a heat pump to make sure they run as efficiently as possible. Below are some basic tips on how to get the most out of your unit.
- Add insulation to your attic & walls
- Add weather stripping around doors
- Install caulk around windows
- Properly seal all duct-work
- Check proper insulation of the ducts in crawlspaces & attics
- Adjust your thermostat to best practices guidelines